LX THE TIMURID MONARCHS 219 throne with a cousin, Abdulla Mirza? whom with the aid of the Uzbegs he succeeded in killing. He then engaged in a long struggle for power, and by A.H. 870 (1465) his authority was established in Transoxiana, Northern Persia, and Afghanistan. Two years later he invaded Azerbaijan with a powerful army, but Uzun Hasan, the "White Sheep" chief, cut off his supplies by raiding tactics and utterly defeated him. He was handed over to Yadgar Mirza, son of Shah Rukh and Gauhar Shad, and to avenge the death of the latter at his hands was beheaded. The Last Princes of the Timurid Dynasty. — Sultan Ahmad, Abu Said's eldest son and successor, had to face frequent revolts, the southern provinces throwing off their allegiance, while his brother Omar Shaykh, father of Baber, defied him successfully in- Ferghana. Despite this, the close of his long reign of twenty-seven years was looked back to with regret after his death, more especially in Bokhara, where he had erected many splendid buildings. , ^ . Sultan Husayn, the patron of Jamijbf Mirkhond, and of Behzad the painter, was the last Prince of the Timurid dynasty. He summoned Baber to aid him in a campaign against Shaybani Khan, the Uzbeg chief who had recently appeared on the scene. To this fact we owe a vivid account of the monarch and his court. Sultan Husayn is described in the immortal Memoirs of Baber as a lively, pleasant man, whose temper was rather hasty and whose language was in accordance with his temper. He often engaged sword in hand in fight, and no member of the race of Timur ever equalled him in the use of the scimitar. He had a turn for poetry, and many of his verses are far from bad. Although not without dignity, he was inordinately fond of keeping fighting rams and of amusing himself with flying pigeons and cock-fighting. Baber goes on to say that the age of Sultan Husayn was certainly a wonderful age, and abounded with eminent men. Some of these will be referred to in the next chapter. a^ or " son of an Amir," signifies u Prince " when it follows the name. When it precedes it, the meaning is almost equivalent to our "esquire," although it is specially applied to secretaries or clerks.